GRAECO-LATIN SQUARES

The first Graeco-Latin squares were named so by **Leonhard Euler** (Bazel, 15 april 1707 – Sint-Petersburg, 18 september 1783) .

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonhard_Euler

The square gives combinations of Greek and Latin letters, so that:

1. No two the same Greek or Latin letter are shown on the same row or column

2. Each Greek/Latin combination appears once in the square

Examples for 3×3, 4×4 and 5×5

Strange enough there exist** no 6×6** Graeco-Latin square!

Euler tried to proof that, but he did not succeed. He also thought that every even Graeco-Latin square with size 2 + 4.n (2, 6, 10, ..) does not exist. But later was proven that a 6×6 Graeco-Latin square does not exist and examples of 10×10, 14×14 and so on were found.

Voor de Nederlandse uitleg: